The Southwest Climate Science Center (SW CSC) is one of eight regional Climate Science Centers under the Department of the Interior (DOI) managed by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center (NCCWSC). The SW CSC is a collaborative partnership between USGS and a consortium of six academic institutions from across the region (University of Arizona; Desert Research Institute; University of California, Davis; University of California, Los Angeles; Scripps Institute of Oceanography; University of Colorado Boulder).
SOUTHWEST CLIMATE SCIENCE CENTER REGION
The Southwest region formally comprises the states of Arizona, California, Nevada, and Utah. However, because the Southwest is heavily dependent on the Colorado River Basin, the SW CSC also addresses the upper Colorado River basin, particularly with respect to direct and indirect effects of climate change and management on water delivery to the lower basin.
The geographic focus area of the SW CSC also covers five Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs). The LCCs are a network of partnerships that act as a direct link to public and private sector resource managers in their respective regions. An important role of the LCCs is to identify the key science needs of a wide variety of land-management stakeholders within their areas. The SW CSC leverages the efforts and collective knowledge of the LCCs as conduits for communication about resource managers’ science needs.
On September 14, 2009, Interior Secretary Ken Salazar signed Secretarial Order 3289 titled, “Addressing the Impacts of Climate Change on America’s Water, Land, and Other Natural and Cultural Resources.” The order established eight CSCs across the continental United States, Alaska, and the Pacific Islands and their managing center for the purpose of integrating DOI science and management expertise with expertise from academic institutions to support strategic adaptation efforts on public and private lands across the United States. The order also established the LCCs that, along with the CSCs, would help define and implement DOI’s climate adaptation response.
Pursuant to the secretarial order, the SW CSC was established in 2011.
The mission of the SW CSC is to work with natural and cultural resource managers to develop and deliver scientific information and techniques to anticipate, monitor, and adapt to climate change in the southwestern United States.
The science activities undertaken by the SW CSC are informed primarily by the Strategic Science Agenda and the Science Workplans. The Strategic Science Agenda articulates general science objectives, staffing needs, and operating principles for the SW CSC over a five-year period that started in 2013. The Science Workplans detail the specific research priorities and planned actions for the SW CSC during the funding year. The development of the SW CSC’s strategic direction is guided by its Stakeholder Advisory Committee (SAC) which is comprised of representatives from federal and state resource-management agencies and tribes.